The former Chief of Army Staff (COAS) and General Officer Commanding (GOC) 81 Division is one of several top military officers implicated in the $2.1 billion arms scam involving the former National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki. The probe committee insists that Lt. Gen. Ihejirika should be held liable for unethical conduct in the award of contract worth $9,358,637 to a Chinese firm for the purchase of arms which he personally supervised and was not qualified to do. Prior to the award of the contract, Ihejirika is said to have led a delegation of officers who were not specialists on arms and ammunition to China where he allegedly selected the weapons without due diligence.
A member of the delegation told the committee that Ihejirika made use of “common sense, intuition and instincts” in making the decisions. Moreover, there were no ammunition inspection receipt and arms technical reports to determine the operational suitability, serviceability and shelf life of the items. The committee held that the process of award, procurement and payments were very unprofessional and unethical.
More so, funds were transferred to the Chinese firm by a third party, instead of the approved official channel, which is the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). Lt. Gen. Ihejirika has also been indicted for alleged fraudulent payments made to some of his relatives through Chok Ventures Limited and Integrated Equipment Services, two companies that shared the same registered office and had one Chinedu Onyekwere as sole or mandatory signatory to the their various bank accounts. Some of the relatives of Lt. Gen. Ihejirika to whom he made the alleged fraudulent payments include Raymond Ihejirika, Nkechi Ihejirika, Ndubuisi Ihejirika, Orji Ihejirika and Kingsley Ihejirika.
According to the committee, the two companies had between March 2011 and December 2013 exclusively procured various types of Toyota Mitsubishi vehicles worth over N2,000,000,000 for the Nigerian Army without any competitive bidding. The committee also alleged that most of the contracts awarded to the companies were split, granted on the same date or within a short space of time at costs and mobilisation fee higher than the prescribed thresholds. For instance, in February 2013, Chok Ventures Ltd and Integrated Equipment Services were allegedly awarded contracts worth N260,000,000 and N315,000,000 respectively for supply of various vehicles. The committee held that the Nigerian Army could not justify the exclusive selection of these two vendors against other renowned distributors of the same brand of vehicles procured.
The alleged fraudulent award of contract by Lt. Gen. Ihejirika was compounded by the findings of the committee. It claimed that there was no reliable evidence of delivery of the vehicles by the two companies just as there were no receipt vouchers, except unauthenticated delivery notes, invoices and waybills purportedly used for the deliveries. Despite these lapses, the vendors were fully paid upon presentation of job completion certificate allegedly authenticated by the then Chief of Logistics, Major Gen. D.D. Kitchener (rtd).
The committee recommended further investigation to determine the relationship of funds’ beneficiaries with Lt. Gen. Ihejirika and his links with Chok Ventures Ltd and Integrated Equipment Services.
The former Chief of Army Staff is alleged to have used the looted funds to acquire choice properties. On January 27, 2016, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) had sealed off an estate along Jabi Airport road junction in Abuja, allegedly belonging to Lt. General Ihejirika.
Lt. Gen. Ihejirika, born on February 13, 1956 in Isuikwuato Local Government Area of Abia State, was a member of the 18th Regular Combatant Course of the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. He commissioned Second Lieutenant in December 1977 into the Corps of Nigerian Army Engineers (NAE). Ihejirika was appointed Chief of Army Staff (COAS) on September 8, 2010 by President Goodluck Jonathan and served as COAS for four years until his retirement on January 2014.
On August 2014, it was reported that Ihejirika was among the sponsors of the deadly Islamic sect, Boko Haram alongside Senator Ali Modu Sheriff, the former Executive Governor of Borno State. This allegation was made by the Australian negotiator, Dr Stephen Davis who was then working with the Nigerian security agencies in the rescue of the abducted Chibok School Girls. The authenticity of the allegation generated a lot of reactions across the nation and some part of the neighbouring countries. The State Security Service (SSS), however, absolved Lt. Gen. Ihejirika of the allegation that he was a major financier of the Boko Haram sect and claimed that he was proved innocent of the accusation levelled against him by the Australian negotiator.
Lt. General Kenneth Minimah who succeeded Lt. General Ihejirika as Chief of Army Staff (COAS) in January 2014, along with others, is to be held liable for the award of contract without due process for the procurement of weapons not needed by the army and attempted double payment to the contractor. He is alleged to have colluded with Clover Nigeria Limited to process the importation of a single pistol supposedly as a sample for evaluation after the delivery of 1,000 pieces of Tisas Zigana pistol with 100,000 rounds of ammunition which were procured without need assessment at the cost of N266, 875,000. The committee claimed that the ‘sample’ was personally customised and officially issued to Lt. Gen. Minimah who has not returned it even after his retirement. The committee also found that Clover Nigeria Limited, the vendor, was fully paid before the delivery of the items. It described the procurement of the weapon as “wasteful and a misplacement of priority as the expended sum could have been better utilised for more pressing needs.”
Lt. Gen. Minimah was born February 7, 1959 in Opobo Kingdom, Rivers State. He was admitted into the Nigerian Defence Academy on January 3, 1979 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant into the Corps of Nigerian Army Infantry on December 18, 1981. Before his appointment as Chief of Army Staff (COAS), he served at different levels in the Nigerian Army. He was the General Officer Commanding 81 Division; Commanding Officer of the 149 Infantry Battalion; Commanding Officer of the Nigerian Battalion 2; Commandant Officer of the Nigerian Army School of Infantry; and as the Director of Standards and Combat Readiness.
Minimah, who was retired from the Nigerian Army in July 2015, holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in International Studies and a Master of Science degree in Strategic Studies from the University of Ibadan.
Col. Sambo Dasuki, former National Security Adviser to ex-President Goodluck Jonathan is at the centre of the ongoing investigation into the alleged squandered $2.1 billion budgeted for arms purchase. Allegedly the main culprit in the scandal, he has the dubious honour of having the entire sordid affair named after him: Dasukigate, after the Watergate scandal that removed former US President Richard Nixon in 1974.
For allegedly sharing and laundering the $2.1 billion budgeted for arms as a slush fund for the 2015 general elections, Dasuki is facing a 19-count charge bordering on money laundering and criminal breach of trust. The former NSA is also facing charges for alleged illegal possession of firearms by the DSS. According to reports, arms cache without licence was allegedly recovered from Dasuki’s house in Abuja. In the past few months, Dasuki has been in detention while his trial and further investigation into his role in the arms procurement scandal continues.
Dasuki, born on December 2, 1954, was appointed NSA on June 22, 2012 following the removal of General Owoye Andrew Azazi.
Dr Nurudeen Mohammed
A one-time Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Dr Nurudeen Mohammed, with other accused persons, is alleged to have misappropriated N7 billion which he requested to fund operations of the Joint Multinational Task Force. The money was released to the office of the NSA, but neither the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) nor the Defence Headquarters could ascertain the utilisation of the fund. Dr Mohammed, a consultant psychiatrist who was born on August 20, 1976 hails from Hadejia in Jigawa State.
Mr Bukar Goni Aji
Mr Bukar Goni Aji, former Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Defence and erstwhile Head of the Civil Service of the Federation under ex-President Goodluck Jonathan has been recommended for further investigation by the probe committee for allegedly approving payments to a contractor who failed to execute three contracts worth N5.9 billion for the purchase of arms and equipment for the military. Goni Aji is suspected to have colluded with the contractor to defraud the government. The contractor, the probe committee found, only executed a contract worth N2.9 billion but received full payment.
What is more, the equipment supplied by the contractor did not meet the Army’s operational requirement, thus requiring another N106million to retrofit them to meet operational demand of the army.
Born on January 13, 1959, Mr Bukar Goni Aji, from Yobe State, graduated from the University of Maiduguri in 1984.
A career civil servant, Mr Goni Aji held several key positions at the state and federal levels including Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Defence; Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Police Affairs (August, 2009 – August, 2010) and Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Works (September, 2011 – November, 2012), Permanent Secretary, Common Services Office, Office of the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation.
Major General E.R. Chioba, a ex-Director-General of the Defence Industry Corporation of Nigeria (DICON), is alleged to have withdrawn N81million and $131,740 in cash from the naira and domiciliary account of DICON with Fidelity Bank and converted same for personal use. He is also accused of illegally transferring N764 million and $3.3million from the account of DICON to Lava Trade Ltd, 7×7 Ltd and Oranto Petroleum without any known formal business relationship. Maj. Gen. Chioba, commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Nigerian Army in 1983, rose to the rank of Major General in 2011. He serves as a Director of Union Dicon Salt Plc. He holds a diploma in Telecommunications from the University of Ibadan (1986), Bachelor’s degree in Electrical/Electronic Engineering from the Obafemi Awolowo University (1987) and a Master’s degree in Defence and Strategic Studies (2008).
Major Gen. J.A. Ewansiha (rtd)
Retired Major Gen. J.A. Ewansiha (rtd), former Chief of Army Training and Operation (CTOP) as well as a one-time Chief of Army Standards and Evaluation, Nigerian Army Headquarters is expected to be charged for his alleged involvement in a fraudulent N5 billion procurement contract for the purchase of operational vehicles for the military for the 2015 general elections which did not follow due process. Specifically, the procurement contravened the provisions of the 2007 Act as there were no procurement documents such as award of contracts, technical assessment report, and delivery note as well as receipt vouchers to support the acquisition.
Major General Ewansiha had also served as the J.T.F Commander, Operation Restore Order in Maiduguri, Borno State.
Major Gen. E.J Atewe
Commander of the Niger Delta Joint Task Force and the Brigade of Guards Major General E.J. Atewe, according to the Probe Committee, should be held accountable for allegedly misappropriating about N8billion, which was donation from NIMASA to the Niger Delta Joint Task Force Operation PULO Shield. Interestingly, he was recently arraigned with Mr Patrick Akpolobokemi, former Director-General of NIMASA over alleged N19.7billion fraud.
A seasoned Infantry Officer, Major Gen. Atewe (rtd) was admitted into the Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA) in 1981 and commissioned a Second Lieutenant on completion of his cadet training. He also holds Master’s degrees in International Affairs and Diplomacy from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria and MA in Strategic Studies from University of Ibadan.
Major Gen. A.I. Muraina (rtd)
Major Gen. A.I. Muraina (rtd), a past Director of Army Finance and Administration (DAFA) and Chief of Account and Budget is being investigated for his alleged role in the arms procurement scandal. The probe committee recommended that he and his accomplices should be held liable for a contractor that failed to execute a contract and refused to refund the advance sum collected.
Major Gen U. Buzugbe (rtd)
Erstwhile Army Chief of Policy and Planning and Military Secretary (Army) Major Gen. Ugo Buzugbe (rtd) has been accused of unlawful importation of weapons that were not of need to the Army and attempted double payment to the contractor who supplied the weapons. Gen. Buzugbe, the committee holds, should be held accountable for a N4.3billion contract awarded to DICON to supply Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs), arms and ammunition which were below army specifications. Gen. Buzugbe also allegedly authorised payment to DICON before the contracts were sealed in addition to inflating the contract.
Brig. Gen. D.M Onoyiveta
The former Chief of Staff to the then Chief of Army Staff, Lt. Gen. Keneth Minimah is accused with others of fraudulently awarding arms contract to SEI, a company owned by two Nigeriens as well as inflating and splitting arms contract worth $386 million. The committee not only found that some of the equipment supplied by SEI were expired but also lacked spare parts and often broke down.
Major Gen. D. D. Kitchener
Major General D.D. Kitchener, ex-Army Chief of Logistics is allegedly involved in contract splitting and authenticating a job completion certificate for a contract worth N2 billion to supply vehicles, but was not executed. The committee also held that selection criteria for choosing the two contractors did not follow due process as prescribed in the BPP Act. Also, there was no evidence of remittance of withholding tax to the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS).
Col. N. Ashinze
The erstwhile military attaché to former National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki and defence attaché to Germany is to answer for his alleged role in the arms procurement scandal. He was also previously detained by the EFCC for fraud. Col. Ashinze and others, according to the committee, should be held liable for awarding a contract for arms procurement including helicopters to the tune of $125million to a company that was registered the same day it was awarded the contract. Interestingly, the army never received such procurement.
Mr Jonah Otunla
Former Accountant General of the Federation, Board member of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Director of Finance and Accounts of the Ministry of Defence Mr Jonah Otunla and others are to be held accountable for fraudulent payment to a contractor who failed to deliver Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs) to the Nigerian Army meant for peace-keeping operations. The contractor allegedly delivered subpar equipment but received full payment. The probe committee revealed that the scandalous breakdown of the APC on deployment for peace-keeping operations caused Nigeria international embarrassment and deprived her appropriate re-imbursement from the United Nations.
Mr Otunla, born on June 12, 1955, holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Social Sciences from the University of Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University). He is also a Chartered Accountant.
He was appointed the Accountant General of Oyo State in June 1989, a position he held till March 2004, before moving to the Federal Civil Service where he joined the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation. He also served as the Director of Finance and Accounts in various Ministries and Agencies of Government, namely, the National Hospital, Nigerian Immigration Service, Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Education. Mr Otunla was appointed the Accountant General of the Federation on June 28, 2011.
E.O. Oyemoni, one-time Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Defence has been accused of allegedly paying a contractor who failed to execute two contracts worth N420.7 million between March 29, 2011 and June 17, 2014. A contract was for the procurement of 53 Armoured Vehicles Spare Parts at the cost of N169.92 million and the other for the purchase of Ballistic Vest, Night Vision Binoculars and three Unmanned Aerial Vehicles at the cost of N250.81 million.
Osun State-born 57-year-old Oyemomi holds an HND in Business Administration and Management from Yaba College of Technology, a Master’s degree in Business Administration from Ogun State University, Ago – Iwoye, and Ph.D (Management) from St. Clements University, South Australia. He is also a Chartered Accountant.
Oyemomi served as Permanent Secretary in several strategic ministries and agencies, including Ministries of Defence, Police Affairs, Agriculture and Rural Development, Housing and Urban Development and Women Affairs and Social Development.
Dr Haruna Usman Sanusi
This former Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Finance, Defence, Budget and non-executive director of Zenith Bank Plc, according to the probe committee, should be held liable for numerous alleged fraudulent payments. It claimed that Mr Usman Sanusi and others failed to remit 5% Withholding tax of about N27.5million to the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) for a contract to supply spare parts for Artillery guns worth N549 million. The committee also found that Mr Usman Sanusi allegedly, fraudulently paid a contractor for contract not executed.
Squadron Leader M. Oyadougba
Erstwhile Finance Officer of the Joint Task Force Operation PULO Shield is said to have allegedly misappropriated about N8 billion voted for the operation against Boko Haram. Specifically, the probe committee insists Oyadougba is liable for the N32.2 million allegedly paid to Mikitroy Nigeria Enterprises, his private company for no business rendered.
Brig. Gen. M. Mamman
He is of the Nigerian Army Engineers Corps based in its headquarters. Brig. Gen. M. Mamman is alleged to have personally pocketed N50 million from money meant for the construction of operational facilities for the Army.
Josephine Opara, Tajudeen Fetuga, Abdullahi Maikano and John Bamidele
These three persons were former Directors of Finance and Accounts of the Ministry of Defence. The AVM Ode-led committed said they should be held accountable for their role in approving payments to contractors that failed to execute their contracts in what suggests connivance with the contractor to defraud the government. The contract was N5.9billion for the purchase of arms and equipment to the army but the contractor only executed the contract to the tune of N2.9billion, but received full payment.
Lt.Col. El Hussain Boyi (rtd) and Col. A.A Abubaji
Lt. Col. El Hussain Boyi (rtd) and Col. A.A Abubaji were ex-account officers of the Nigerian Army. The two have been indicted for allegedly effecting payment to a contractor for N700 million and $63000 contracts to retrofit army equipment without remitting N35million withholding tax to the government.
Amit Sade and Naomi Sade
Amit Sade and Naomi Sade serve as the Chief Executive Officer and General Manager of Doiyate Comms Ltd & DYI Global Services Ltd respectively as at press time. According to the committee’s report, the company as well as the CEO and the GM should be held liable for non-remittance of withholding tax and asked to refund N2.2 billion for not fully executing a contract to procure ambulance and other equipment for peace-keeping operations. The committee also recommended blacklisting of the companies.
The former Colonel in the Nigerian Army is the CEO of Bamverde Ltd which was awarded a contract by the MOD for the procurement of medical equipment for the Nigerian Army. The committee holds that the company and its CEO should be held accountable for non-payment of withholding tax of N41.37 million.
Dr O. Ayandele
Chief Executive Officer of TS-Y Ltd, Dr. O. Ayandele is accused of not remitting 5% Withholding tax to the tune of N27.45million to the FIRS. TS-Y Ltd was awarded a contract of N559 million to buy artillery guns for the army. The contract was vendor driven, executed and fully paid for without recourse to the Nigerian Army. The committee found that the delivered spare parts have remained in Nigerian Army stores for the past six years unutilized. This is a clear case of waste of public funds.
Alhaji Maisudan Bello Mohammed
Alhaji Maisudan Bello Mohammed runs Dalfam Nigeria Ltd, which was awarded a contract by the MOD for the procurement of assorted weapons for the Nigerian Army on December 9, 2010 at the cost of N240 million. However, Dalfam Ltd sub-contracted the procurement contract to Hadassa Investment Security (Nig) Ltd after receiving 15 percent mobilization fee of N36 million. The Nigerian Army rejected the weapons on delivery as they were found to be refurbished. This generated some controversies but it was eventually resolved and the contractor promised to replace the refurbished weapons with new ones. Sadly, the weapons have not been delivered till date. The Committee observed that both contractors were not competent to deal in the procurement of arms and ammunition. Consequently, the CEO of Dalfam Nig Ltd, Mohammed is expected to refund the 15 percent (N36 million) mobilization fee and any accrued interest.
Alhaji Gujja Attom
He is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Baram International Nigeria Ltd which allegedly profited from the arms scandal. The company was allegedly awarded two contracts by the Ministry of Defence worth N420.7 million between March 29, 2011 and June 17, 2014 for the procurement of 53 Armoured Vehicles Spare Parts at the cost of N169.92 million and the purchase of Ballistic Vest, Night Vision Binoculars and three Unmanned Aerial Vehicles at the cost of N250.81 million. The committee observed that the contracts were awarded without recourse to the Nigerian Army, to a vendor who lacked the necessary technical competence. Sadly, the contract worth N169.92 million with 90 days completion time is yet to be completed five years after.
Eleojo Peters is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Clover Nigeria Limited, a defence procurement and facilitation company allegedly implicated in the arms scandal. The Probe Committee found that between 2011 and 2014, the Nigerian Army awarded 11 contracts worth N872.14 million for procurement of arms and ammunition as well as highly technical and specialised military equipment to Clover Nig Ltd. The contract for procurement of 1000 pieces of Tisas Zigana Pistol with 100,000 rounds of ammunition at the cost of N266.875 was vendor-driven and without need assessment.
Furthermore, the vendor, in collaboration with Nigerian Army, processed the importation of another single pistol supposedly as a sample for evaluation after delivery of the 1,000 pistols. The committee found that the vendor was fully paid before delivery of the items and fraudulently attempted to collect another 30 per cent of the contract sum.
Chinedu Onyekwere is the controlling shareholder and sole or mandatory signatory to the various banks accounts of Chok Ventures Ltd and Integrated Equipment Services Ltd, two companies linked with the arms scandal. The committee established that between March 2011 and December 2013, the two companies with the same registered office exclusively procured various types of Toyota and Mitsubishi vehicles worth over N2 billion for the Nigerian Army without any competitive bidding.
Most of the contracts awarded to the companies were also split, awarded on the same date or within a short space of time at costs and mobilisation higher than the prescribed thresholds.
More seriously, the committee found no credible evidence of delivery of the vehicles by the two companies as there were no receipt vouchers but only unauthenticated delivery notes, invoices and waybills that were purportedly used for the deliveries. Nevertheless, the vendors were fully paid based on job completion certificate authenticated by the then Chief of Logistics, Maj. Gen DD Kitchener (rtd). The payments were also made without deduction of WHT. Furthermore, analyses of the various banks accounts of the two companies showed transfers to individuals such as Raymond Ihejirika, Nkechi Ihejirika, Ndubuisi Ihejirika, Orji Ihejirika, Kingsley Ihejirika and Naomi Onyeabor.
Hima Aboubakar is the CEO of Societe D’ Equipmenteux Internationale (SEI Nig Ltd), one of companies linked with the arms procurement scandal. The Nigerian Army had between April and August 2014 entered into four contract agreements with SEI Nig Ltd for the procurement of artillery guns, armoured personnel carriers and other heavy weaponry funded by the ONSA. However, the costs for procurement of the AFVs; ammunition and spares were $398.55 million and $484.765 million respectively totalling $883.315 million.
In November 2014, the ONSA awarded contract to Conella Services Limited for procurement of 72 various arms and ammunition that included MRAP vehicles, Mi-17 helicopter at the cost of $125.179 million. The committee observed that the company was registered in Nigeria on November 17, 2014 and awarded the contract on the same date while the EUC for the procurement was issued a day later, on November 18, 2014. Furthermore, the ONSA paid $36.997 million and N2.21 billion to the vendor between November 17, 2014 and April 15, 2015. However, the Nigerian Army denied receipt of any procurement from Conella Services Ltd. Similarly, the committee tried in vain to reach officials of the company to confirm execution of the contract. There is, therefore, the need for further investigation of Conella Services Ltd, Col.N Ashinze, Lt.Col MS Dasuki and Alhaji Salisu Shuaibu, the committee recommends.
The committee observed that SEI and its two associated companies, APC Axial Ltd and HK-Sawki Nig Ltd, were incorporated in May 2014 with two Nigerien brothers, Hima Aboubakar and Ousmane Hima Massy as the only directors. Between May 2014 and March 2015, the ONSA mandated CBN to release various sums totalling $386.95 million to SEI and the two associated companies for ‘procurement of technical equipment’, without tying the money to particular items of procurement.
Thus, the allotment of the fund was left at the discretion of the vendor without input or consultation with ONSA or the Nigerian Army. Furthermore, some of the funds transferred preceded the formalisation of SEI contracts with the Nigerian Army. There was also no evidence of any contract to justify the payments made by ONSA to the SEI associate companies. Consequently, it had been difficult for the ONSA, the Nigerian Army and SEI to reconcile the accounts vis-a-vis the equipment delivered.
The Committee observed that one of the new equipment SEI procured for the Nigerian Army from Ukraine was BTR-4E APC. However, according to the Ukraine’s State Enterprise Lviv Armour Repair Plant, the designers of the equipment, “some of the products sold to Nigeria in 2014 were actually among 42 units designed for Iraq which subsequently rejected them due to poor performance rating”. The Nigerian Army did not also undertake the mandatory pre-shipment inspections provided for in the contract agreements. Instead, the NA deployed an Infantry officer, who lacked the technical knowledge to assess the capabilities and shortcomings of the equipment, to oversee the shipment of the items for the Nigerian Army from Ukraine. Therefore, failure to carry out pre-shipment inspection and inadequate training resulted in procurement of some unreliable equipment that reduced the capacity of the Nigerian Army in the NE Operations and resulted in the loss of lives and equipment.
Moreover, there was no evidence that SEI paid the mandatory 5 percent WHT amounting to $19.4 million on the payments made to it by the ONSA.
In the opinion of the Committee, principal characters in the SEI contracts— Lt. Gen Minimah, Brig. Gen D.M Onoyiveta, Lt. Col. Dasuki, Alhaji Salisu Shuaibu and SEI Ltd. — should be held accountable for the shady and untidy execution of the SEI contracts.
In fact, the speculation among members of the Ode-led committee is that this is simply what could be traced because most of those allegedly involved in the arms procurement scandal were quite smart in concealing what they pilfered. A better way to ascertain some of these is to take a look at the houses some of them live in and the choice properties they own across the nation and even abroad.
Now that the Ode-led committee has opened a Pandora Box, what next? It is anybody’s guess.
Indeed, from all indications, President Buhari is leaving nothing to chance in his resolve to bring to justice all serving and retired military personnel as well as civilians who were allegedly involved in mismanaging and looting the $2.1 billion meant for arms procurement. True to his vow to pursue the anti-corruption campaign to its logical conclusion, President Buhari has taken the fight a notch higher.