ALIKO Dangote, Africa’s richest man, plans to quadruple the supply of gas to Nigeria by building pipelines that may be backed by Carlyle and Blackstone the world’s two biggest private-equity firms.
Mr Dangote, who has a net worth of $15bn according to the Bloomberg Billionaires index, will invest $2.2bn to $2.5bn in two sub-sea 550km pipelines running from Nigeria’s oil and gas-producing Niger River delta region to the commercial hub of Lagos, Dangote said in an interview on April 25. The pipes would increase the amount of gas available in Africa’s biggest economy to 4-billion standard cubic feet (SCF) per day from 1-billion, he said.
While Nigeria has gas reserves of about 180-trillion cubic feet, more than any other African country, most of what is produced is flared or exported because of a lack of infrastructure to transport it to local companies and households. Boosting domestic supply would help increase electricity generation in a country where power cuts were common and about 70% of electricity plants were fuelled by gas, Mr Dangote said.
“Having an additional 3-billion SCF will sort out all the gas issues we have today in Nigeria,” he said in the lounge of his house in the Victoria Island district of Lagos. “It’s badly needed.”
Mr Dangote, who has interests ranging from cement to sugar and oil refineries, planned to start laying the pipelines before the end of the year, he said. The first one should be ready by mid-2017.
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) was considering an investment in the pipelines as were Blackstone and Carlyle, Mr Dangote said. Neither buyout firm responded to e-mails requesting comment.
Desmond Dodd, a Johannesburg-based spokesman for the International Finance Corporation, declined to comment by e-mail on Monday.
“We have a lot of companies that are very interested in participating,” Mr Dangote said.
Blackstone and Carlyle said in August they would partner Dangote Industries, the holding company for the billionaire’s operations, to invest in sub-Saharan Africa. Blackstone said its Johannesburg-based partner, Black Rhino, would jointly invest $5bn with the company on energy and other infrastructure in the region.
The pipelines could be used by oil producers in Nigeria that currently had little incentive to sell gas from their fields in the country, including Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil, Mr Dangote said.
“If today they process that gas, there’s no infrastructure to remove it, there’s no pipeline,” he said. “We’re trying to build that infrastructure.”
Nigeria’s economy, which gets 90% of export earnings and two-thirds of government revenue from oil, has been hit by the 40% fall in Brent crude prices since June. The naira has weakened by 18% against the dollar in that period, while the Nigerian Stock Exchange’s all share index is down 19%.
Mr Dangote, who controls Dangote Cement, Nigeria’s largest listed company, has seen his wealth fall by $3.4bn this year, more than anybody else aside from Warren Buffett, according to the Billionaires index.
His investments in oil and gas include a $9bn refinery near Lagos, which will be able to process 650,000 barrels a day when completed. The company got a licence from the government earlier this year and would export refined fuel to the rest of sub-Saharan Africa as well as sell it locally, Mr Dangote said.
“We will be in the market with our petroleum products by the first quarter of 2018,” he said.
Dangote Cement, which has a market value of $15bn and a free float of 7% in Lagos, would be ready to list its shares in London by the end of 2016, Mr Dangote said. It was addressing investors’ concerns in the meantime about the composition of its board and other corporate governance issues, he said.
“There are a lot of criteria we’ve met,” he said. “Our aim is to create a world-class company. That’s why we’re going to London. It’s not purely because we’re looking for money.”
Dangote Cement shares were unchanged at 175 naira by the close in Lagos on Monday. The stock is down 13% this year, more than the Nigerian stock index, which has fallen 1%. Profit declined 21% last year after a higher tax bill and prolonged rainy season in its home market, the company said in March.
Mr Dangote’s companies would increasingly focus on exports from Nigeria, including of cement, fertilizer, petrochemicals and refined fuel.
“But 2018, in the worst case, the Dangote Group will be able to export about $8bn-$10bn worth of goods,” he said. “We are totally transforming the business to be export-orientated.